Haemorrhage Table

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Class I

Class II

Class III

Class IV

Blood Loss Percentage

Volume

<15

 

750

15—30

 

800—1500

30—40

 

1500—2000

>40

 

>2000

Blood pressure:

Systolic

Diastolic

 

Unchanged

Unchanged

 

Normal

Raised

 

Reduced

Reduced

 

Very low

Pulse

(Beats/min)

Slight tachycardia

100—120

120

>120

Capillary refill

Normal

Slow (<2s)

Slow (>2s)

Undetectable

Respiratory rate

Normal

Tachypnoea

Tachypnoea

Tachypnoea

Urinary flow rate

(ml/h)

>30

20-30

10-20

0-10

Extremities Colour

Normal

Pale

Pale

Clammy and cold

Complexion

Normal

Pale

Pale

Ashen

Mental State

Alert

Anxious or Aggressive

Anxious, aggressive, drowsy

Drowsy, confused or unconscious